Energy and environment
CARBON DINOSAUR COUNTRY PROFILE FOR LITHUANIA
There are many candidates for the Climate Killer Oscar in Lithuania. But just few were selected and will be awarded on 14th July 2004 in Vilnius.
Carbon Dinosaur actions will be held in Vilnius, July 14. Place: Savivaldybes sq. in Gedimino street.
From Vilnius Carbon Dinosaur will move to Nida, on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Biggest settlement in the Curonian Spit National Park is endangered by Russian Lukoil company, which recently started offshore oil extraction from D-6 deposit in front of Curonian Spit.
Oil kill climate and sea
Oil transportation and extraction in the Baltic Sea is one of the main problems related to the oil business. Environmental groups from the Baltic Sea region calls for limiting of oil transportation and extraction in the Baltic region. However, Kaliningrad branch of Russian oil company LUKoil in the mid of June 2004 started to operate of shore oil deposit D-6 in the Baltic Sea. D-6 is situated in the Kaliningrad region 22 km from the coastline, 0.5 km downstream to the Lithuanian border. Estimated reserves of D - 6 are 24 million tonnes, exploitation foreseen for 25-30 years, with extraction of 600-700 thousand tones of oil annually.
Baltic Sea is one of most polluted seas in the world. There are around 40 of oil terminals around the Baltic coastline annually over 180 million tons of oil were transported via these terminals. Annually in the Baltic happen around 1000 ship accidents, during every fifth accident oil spill occur. Due to ship accidents during 2000 – 2001 into the Baltic leaked 2756.41 m3 of oil.
Energy and Climate
During the Soviet period in Lithuania energy sector and energy-intensive industries were heavily developed what resulted in burning of huge amount of fossil fuel and enormous greenhouse gas emissions. Around 47 million tons of carbon dioxide and 350 thousands of methane were discharged in 1990. The main polluters of greenhouse gases were energy sector, industry and transport.
During the last decade industrial production in Lithuania was decreased due to recession in economy, consequently were decreased consumption of the fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, Ignalina NPP started to operate in full capacity replacing thermoelectric power plants, thus it decrease consumption of fossil fuels as well. In the year 2000 only 16 million tons of carbon dioxide and 230 thousand tons of methane were discharged into the atmosphere. Recently energy sector remains as biggest contributor to climate change, then transport, household and industry consequently.
However, according the forecast of economic development, industrial production should increase in the next few years, what will determine higher demand in energy consumption. Moreover, until 2010 Lithuania should phase out Ignalina NPP. Development of renewable energy sources is not high state priority in Lithuania, so after the shut down of the Ignalina NPP main portion of electricity will be generated at obsolete and inefficient thermoelectric power plants by burning of fossil fuels (heavy fuel oil and natural gas mainly), what will result in increase of greenhouse gas emissions.